Acipenser transmontanus, meaning "sturgeon beyond the mountains," is
the White Sturgeon. We have lots of them here in Washington State. In
fact, we have two of the four major American West Coast Rivers with big
sea runs of sturgeon in the Chehalis and the Columbia Rivers. The
general sturgeon season is year round with a limit of one fish per day.
The Lower Columbia River Fishery has two periods when you can retain
fish, Jan 1 through April 30 and again May 10th through June 24th. The
best time to catch and keep sturgeon is mid-May and June when wild
Rhododendrons bloom. Washington sturgeon are a "slot" fish meaning you
may only keep those measuring 42 up to 60 inches, from nose to tail. On
May 10 the minimum size changes to 45 inches.
Charter boat fishing is the easy way to get into sturgeon catching
and actually the most productive. Ilwaco, Washington near the mouth of
the Columbia River is a premier sturgeon charter boat headquarters.
Sturgeon fishing here is very popular and it is well advised to reserve
your spot on a charter well ahead of time, especially for weekend
fishing trips. On a charter you only have to take aboard proper
clothing, a pocket lunch and a pair of waterproof shoes. They furnish
the necessary gear and you can buy a day license at their office. Go to
ilwacowashington.com on the web for more information.
If you prefer to fish by casting from shore you should look for and
join the fishermen with long poles along the Columbia River on the way
from I-5 to Ilwaco. The Lewis and Clark Campsite Park on Highway 101,
after you pass the Astoria Bridge and just before the tunnel in the
road, is a favorite casting place of mine. Here you can fish
comfortably from a camp chair or rock, but landing a big fish on the
rugged shore can be a problem.
To catch sturgeon you should use a casting rod capable of handling
two to six-plus ounce weights. Short rods of six feet with a level wind
reel do well for fishing from a boat, but spinning rods up to twelve
feet or longer are needed for long casts from the bank. Both smelt and
herring are good bait and the sturgeon follow smelt runs eating fish
that die after they encounter fresh water and wash back down stream.
The bait usually washes along the bottom of the river and accumulates
in eddies and swirls. Here we need to put our bait. Thus, the large
sinkers are key to proper placement and to keep the bait from rolling
on the bottom.
Carroll "Bearmeat" Beardsley was introduced to me as a sturgeon
expert three decades ago. Carroll was the logistical chief, bear meat
keeper and cook for the annual Bear Meat Festival in McCleary,
Washington. The Washington Fish and Game department regularly consulted
Carroll to get sturgeon census information when the sport started to
grow in popularity during the 1970's. Carroll's method of fishing is
echoed on most of the charter boats today. His terminal gear consisted
of a large snap hook tied to the 20 to 30 pound test line, with a
pyramid sinker sliding on the line above the ring of the snap hook.
Sturgeon have sensitive mouths and feeler whiskers and avoid lines with
a hard feel such as monofilament. Thus, he used a 30 pound test, soft
braided, Dacron squidding line, about two feet long, as a leader. To
this he snelled a terminal 2/0 or 3/0 hook.
To bait the hook he inserted the hook just behind the head of the
smelt, and turned the hook so the point emerged next to the eye socket
pointing towards the tail with not much of the point protruding. He
would then throw a series of half-hitch loops from head to tail on the
bait actually making a trussed up package. The beauty of this package
is that it preserves the bait from being torn by casting or the
current, or stripped bullheads. Furthermore, the line straightens out
neatly without any knots when the hook is set.
Carroll was a survivor from a WWII German POW camp and had constant
pain from his beatings there. I met him at the Veterans Administration
Hospital where he was receiving care to mitigate that pain Having a
meal with him was difficult because he warned us not to leave any food
on our plates which would cause him to become extremely anxious and to
sometimes have uncontrollable agitation as a result of his hungry times
as a POW.
Once four of us fished the Chehalis River for sturgeon from Caroll's
boat. One of our friends was a doctor from the VA Hospital, the other a
sport shop owner in Chehalis; both were severely diabetic. With cars
passing overhead on the bridge Carroll and I would stand up to shield
the other two so as not to invoke an intervention by the local drug
enforcement establishment when they had to shoot up with insulin.
Carroll has passed away but I am reminded of him every time I fish
sturgeon, or see Scotts Broom along the roads because he ashamedly
admitted to me it was one of his ancestors who first brought this
noxious weed to the Northwest from Scotland.
Sturgeon fishing is a great opportunity that can be enjoyed with
minimum gear. You get the thrill of a strong fish that runs hard, often
jumps like a trout, and one that offers a recurring reward on the home
dinner plate. But most of all you get to fish with your family and